Sword of Attila – The sword of Attila the Hun, said to have been sent by the gods. This is the sword used by Attila the Hun, Leader of the Huns from 434 to 453 AD. He ruled the Hun Empire which stretched from Germany to the Ural River and from the Danube River to the Baltic Sea. According to reports from the Roman historian, Priscus, the sword came to Attila by miraculous means.
Legbiter – A gaddhjalt sword of the viking King Magnus Barelegs killed in battle at County Down in 1103. On the day of his death Magnus is described as “regaled with a helmet on his head, a red shield in which was a gilded Lion and girt with the sword Legbiter”. Legbiter’s hilt was tooth (ivory) and the hand grip wound about with gold thread and was extremely sharp!
Sword of Mercy – Edward the Confessor’s Curtana sword, is a symbolically broken sword that is part of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom. The sword has a blade cut off short and square, indicating thereby the quality of the mercy of the sovereign.
Joyeuse – Sword of Charlemagne is the only one known to have served as the coronation sword of the Kings of France. Dubbed “La Joyeuse”, it was already celebrated in early medieval chansons de geste. It is possible that it was first used for the coronation of Philippe Auguste in 1179, but it is first mentioned at the coronation of Philippe III the Bold in 1271.
Tizona, El Cid’s personal sword which exists to this day in Spain as a national treasure. La Tizona then allegedly passed on in the Falces family, which allowed the Military Museum in Madrid to exhibit it from 1944 onwards. In 1999, a small sample of the blade underwent metallurgical analysis which confirmed that the blade was made in Moorish Córdoba in the eleventh century and contained amounts of Damascus steel, which was purposely forged to create some of the sharpest and strongest swords ever created in history.
Colada, the other sword of El Cid.
Lobera, the sword of the king Saint Ferdinand III of Castile. The sword Lobera was the symbol of power used by Saint Ferdinand III of Castile, instead of the more traditional rod, and so the king will be depicted with orb and sword in hand.
Szczerbiec, the coronation sword of the kings of Poland. Szczerbiec (literally notched sword) is a sword that was traditionally used in the coronation ceremony of Polish kings from the time of Władysław Łokietek (1320) to the time of partitions (around 1792). Nowadays it is shown in the museum of Wawel, Cracow.
The Wallace Sword, a large Scottish Claymore alleged to have been used by famous Scottish patriot and knight William Wallace, when leading the resistance against England in the late 13th century. During his lifetime, William Wallace was appointed the Guardian of Scotland. He led an infantry of soldiers who engaged the enemy in hand to hand combat. The prize possession of many of these soldiers was their sword. In order to survive on the battlefield one had to be a talented swordsman.
Sword of Goujian, a historical artifact from the Spring and Autumn Period. The sword of Goujian is an important bronze weapon in China’s Spring and Autumn Period. The words on the sword body suggest that its owner was Goujian – the King of the Yue State. Unearthed in 1965 in the Chu Tomb of Hubei Province, the sword measures 55.6cm in length, with exquisite black rhombic etchings covered all over the body and blue glaze and turquoise imbedded on the sword handle.
Kusanagi-no-tsurugi (草薙の剣) / Ame no Murakumo no Tsurugi (天叢雲剣 lit. Sword of the heaven of the clustering clouds) / Kusanagi (“Grasscutter” or more probably “sword of snake”). It may also be called Tsumugari no Tachi (都牟刈の太刀) – Both a mythical and real sword of equivalent importance to Japan as Excalibur is to England.
Empress Jitō was handed the Sugari no Ontachi (須賀利御太刀) as part of the regalia. Sugari No Ontachi (須賀利御太刀?) is a sword which represents the regalia of Japan. It is being held at the Ise Shrine in the Mie Prefecture and only taken when a new emperor ascends to the throne. During this ceremony, a feather from a Crested Ibis is also used. The last time the sword was taken out for ceremonial purposes in 1995.
Honjo Masamune – represented the Tokugawa shogunate, a feudal military dictatorship of Japan during most of the Edo period. It was passed down from one Shogun to the next. It is one of the best known of the swords created by Masamune and is believed to be one of the finest Japanese swords ever made. Masamune was a Japanese swordsmith that is widely regarded as one of the world’s greatest metallurgists. The exact dates for Masamune’s life are unknown, but it is believed that he worked from 1288–1328. Masamune’s weapons have reached legendary status over the centuries. He created swords known as tachi and daggers called tant?. The swords of Masamune have a strong reputation for superior beauty and quality. He rarely signed his works, so it can be hard to positively identify all his weapons.
Seven-Branched Sword, which Wa received from Baekje. It was said to have been 74.9 cm in length and made of iron. The original sword is currently housed in the Isonokami Shrine in Nara Prefecture of Japan and not shown to the public. Replicas are displayed throughout the country and in South Korea. An inscription on the side of the blade is an important source depicting the relationships between the East Asian countries of the period.
Sword of Tippu Sultan. A Very Rare Sword with Tiger-Form Hilt, from the Palace Armoury of Tipu Sultan, India, circa 1782-99, with 19th century silver-mounted Scabbard.
Nitta Yoshisada, a famous Samurai, offered his gold-mounted sword to Ryūjin for permission to let his army pass through the surf.Later, he used a shorter sword to cut off his own head, when hopelessly exposed to enemies.
Zulfiqar – Sword of the Muslim Prophet Muhammad, Ali ibn Abu Talib and later Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala. Zulfiqar (‘bifurcated’) is a well-known sword of Islamic history owned by Hazrat Ali, by many accounts, Muḥammad (PBUH) presented Zulfiqar to a young Ali at the Battle of Uhud. During the battle, Ali struck one of the fiercest adversaries, breaking both his helmet and his shield. Muhammad (PBUH) remarked “There is no hero but Ali and no sword except Zulfiqar”.
Durendal – The sword of Paladin Roland of Charlemagne, according to Ludovico Ariosto’s “Orlando Furios”, the sword once belonged to Hector of Troy. It was given to Paladin Roland by Malagigi, or Maugris. According to the legend of Roland, it is said that the sword contained a tooth of Saint Peter, hair of Saint Denis, blood of Saint Basil and a piece of the raiment of the Blessed Virgin Mary in its golden hilt.
Excalibur – Excalibur was the legendary sword of King Arthur. This sword is attributed with some magical powers and is associated with the rightful sovereignty of Britain. Typically, this sword and the ‘Sword in the Stone’ are said to be the same weapon however they are considered to be different swords in some versions of the legend. Excalibur was associated very early on with the Arthurian Legend. This sword is known as ‘Caledfwlch’ in Welsh.
Shamshir-e-Zomorrodnegar – “The emerald-studded sword” is a sword in the Persian legend Amir Arsalan. The witch mother of a hideous horned demon called Fulad-zereh used a charm to make Fulad-zereh’s body invulnerable to all weapons except the blows of a specific sword called Shamshir-e Zomorrodnegar.
This blade originally belonged to King Solomon, and was carefully guarded by Fulad-zereh, not only because it was a valuable weapon, and indeed the only weapon that could harm the demon, but also because wearing it was a charm against magic. A wound inflicted by this sword could only be treated by a special potion made from a number of ingredients, including Fulad-zereh’s brains.
Battle sword : Curved saber of San Martín – The sword of General Don José de San Martín, one of the great libertadores of South America.
Napoleon’s Sword. In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte became the military and political leader of France after staging a coup d’état. Five years later the French Senate proclaimed him emperor. In the first decade of the 19th century Napoleon and the French Empire were engaged in conflict and war with every major European power. Ultimately, a series of victories gave the French a dominant position in continental Europe, but as history would later repeat itself, in 1812 the French began their invasion of Russia. The decision to invade Russia marked the turning point in the fortune of Napoleon. In 1814, the Sixth Coalition invaded France and Napoleon was captured and exiled to the island of Elba. He would escape, but ultimately died in confinement on the island of Saint Helena. Historians regard Napoleon as a military genius and a man who made strong contributions to the operational art of war.